Its silvery foliage and dark reddish-purple or burgundy stem give the Japanese Painted Fern a unique appearance. This plant is best suited for planting in full or partial shade, though unusually for a fern, it can cope with long hours of direct sunlight, so long as it is grown in standing water. From tiny specimens grown in walls to the royal fern at six feet tall, there’s room for ferns in every sized garden. Home > Gardening > 50+ Types of Ferns (Indoor and Outdoor Species of Ferns) By definition, a fern is a vascular, flowerless plant with leafy fronds that produce spores for reproduction. Ferns are proven to be one of the oldest existence around for over 350 million years. How to Plant Outdoor Ferns Boston ferns need bright but indirect sunlight. Some ferns are hardy, meaning they can tolerate outdoor conditions in colder or more temperate climates. The hard fern (Blechnum spicant) and the shuttlecock fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris), are invaluable shade plants. Tips for outdoor ferns: One important thing you need to know is that over exposure to sunlight might dry out the ferns. Best Ferns for Gardens and Landscaping. Cart Hello Select your address Holiday Deals Gift Cards Best Sellers Customer Service Find a Gift New Releases Whole Foods AmazonBasics Free Shipping Sell Registry Coupons #FoundItOnAmazon Shopper Toolkit Disability Customer Support. The plant can tolerate some sunlight and frost. Appointment only. Types of Ferns. Sunlight Requirement: Partial shade (early morning and evening sun), Suitable for: Planting medium for orchids and other similar flowers, groundcover, garden borders. The plant likes its soil to be kept consistently moist, but it does not like to be in soggy soil. It is fairly cold hardy, suitable for growing in USDA hardiness zones 3 to 8. Boston ferns have something of a reputation for being difficult to keep alive; in fact, it is very easy to care for this plant as long as you know what it needs. It gets its common name from the upright soft feathery fronds that resemble ostrich tail feathers. They are one of the most popular types of plants used for shaded areas, as they thrive in low light conditions, bringing much-needed greenery and life to dark and dull corners of both gardens and homes. Boston Fern This plant is an Australian native fern, with the name ‘Kangaroo paw’ which refers to the long fronds of the fern, which resemble the big feet of the kangaroo. It is a native of north-eastern Australia. This plant is not known to be toxic, but still, the best practice is always to keep houseplants out of reach of small children and pets. Early Black Friday deals. Its arching habit adds a graceful, soft look to containers. With these care tips in mind, these ferns should thrive in your basket and enhance the look of your home’s outdoor space. Only water the plant moderately, and give it a regular misting to increase the moisture content of the air around the plant. This compact and neat looking plant is also called fishbone fern. Plant ferns in part to full shade and rich, well-drained soil. Few plants have more attractive greenery than ferns, with leafy foliage that usually encircles the entire plant. Though it is more tolerant of direct light than other ferns, it is still susceptible to scorched foliage and should be kept out of the sun when it is at its most intense in the afternoon. We included two types of ferns here because both these ferns are very similar in appearance. This long fern produces majestic fronds that can unfurl to up to 5 feet in length, giving the plant a wild vase shape. Different Types of Indoor and Outdoor Ferns with Pictures Ferns are one of the oldest types of plants in existence, dating back over 350 million years. There are several varieties of maidenhair ferns, including the houseplant Adiantum raddianum, but the following varieties are suitable for growing outdoors. Ferns make a lovely addition to gardens, and despite their delicate appearance, many varieties are hardy enough to tolerate both hot and cold conditions throughout the year. It also requires soil rich in organic matter. This is one of the most popular ferns for an indoor houseplant. Too much direct sunlight may cause leaf burn. Suitable for: Outdoor decks, porches anywhere where the furry rhizomes will be visible. Suitable for: Ground cover, hedges, and mass planting for summer gardens as it sheds its leaves in winter. This fern has a vigorous vertical habit, growing upright to heights of up to 24 inches and 3 feet in width. Australian Tree Fern. E.g. Types of Ferns Ferns. Suitable for: Indoor Hanging planters, balcony gardens. Sunlight Requirement: Indirect sunlight to full shade (15-25°C (55-80°F). In fact there are so many different types that collecting them can become addictive. Though slow-growing, it does get quite tall and works well as a bottom plant. It needs compost-rich well-drained soil with regular watering. Suitable for: Tall hedges, borders, groundcovers and planting with flowers like rose. Try to keep its soil consistently moist, but be sure it does get soggy. Also, refrain from using much fertilizer, if any at all, as this plant is sensitive to this. Spherical balls of leaflets are dotted along chunky pale green stems, giving the appearance of lacy beads on a string. The biggest difference is that the Birds Nest fern is tropical, and therefore not winter hardy, while the Harts Tongue fern is evergreen and hardy down to zone 6. Different Types of Indoor and Outdoor Ferns with Pictures Ferns are one of the oldest types of plants in existence, dating back over 350 million years. Always ensure your ferns are growing in well-draining soil to allow excess water to drain away from the plant's roots. Learn more about the beautiful ferns native to Pennsylvania that are offered by Keystone Wildflowers. It can tolerate cold climate conditions, but only for a short period. Suitable for: The lacy effect created by the flowing fronds of soft little leaves on dark stems makes it one of the best options for hanging planters. It needs regular watering to keep the soil moist, but not soggy. In fact, these ferns are so tall that they can reach heights of up to 5 ft. (1.5 m). It won’t immediately wilt if you are forgetful and miss watering it for a day or two. Not tolerant of drought at all, the Australian tree fern needs weekly watering to keep the soil moist at all times. Tiny plantlets grow from the frond-edges of mature plants, earning its name. It can be grown outdoors in warm climates but is quite suitable as an indoor fern as it can thrive in normal room temperatures and indirect sunlight. A tall, wide variety with a unique appearance where the veins of the fronds create a feathery net-like pattern. Scientific name: Matteuccia struthiopteris. The large blue-green fronds are tough enough to hold their shape and divide into multiple fingers to form a star-like shape. Some ferns are hardy, meaning they can tolerate outdoor conditions in colder or more temperate climates. Grows best in moist, lightly shaded areas with good air circulation. Ferns are great for adding a tropical feel to your garden, or for injecting a bit of color to your home decor.They are available in a wide variety of shapes and sizes from the smallest pot plants to great big, rainforest tree ferns. They are one of the most popular types of plants used for shaded areas, as they thrive in low light conditions, bringing much-needed greenery and life to dark and dull corners of both gardens and homes. Ferns can reach 12 inches to 6 feet tall, depending on the type and growing conditions. Being one of the tallest ferns types out there, the Ostrich fern can reach up to 1.5 meters in height. Ferns are luxuriant foliage plants that come in diverse forms, leaf shapes and textures. Evergreen in warmer climates with consistently moist soil. This plant can be cultivated in the water or half submerged, and it looks great when floating in the tank. Plants need constantly moist yet well-drained soil to thrive, but can survive in less than perfect conditions, maintaining its green and vigorous foliage for a considerable time. Keep it away from direct sunlight and try keeping it moist without turning soggy. For a Healthier Greener Garden. If you aren’t available for misting your plants on a daily basis, then ferns might not be for you, although you could consider investing in a humidifier instead. Some wood ferns are evergreen, while others are deciduous. Sunlight Requirement: Partial sun to full shade, Suitable for: Groundcover, hedges, poolside planting, container planting. The foliage is a deep shade of green, and the fronds themselves can come in a variety of shapes and sizes. They are one of the most popular types of plants for shady areas because they thrive in low light and give much needed green and life to the dark and dull corners of gardens and houses.. It grows to around 3 feet in height, with a similar width and does well in either full shade or partial shade. Scientific name: Polystichum acrostichoides. In all climates, they need protection from afternoon sun to prevent drying and leaf scorch. Ferns are susceptible to freezing, so if you live in a setting that experiences frost, you should plan to bring your ferns inside for the winter. While it will happily grow in moist soil, it can also survive periods of drought without sustaining any damage, though if in doubt, err on the side of caution and offer it up some water in dry seasons. Has inspired a number of cultivars and varieties, with ‘brilliance’ being a popular one. Plant your holly fern in partial to full shade. Types of Ferns to Grow Outdoors. ‘Kangaroo paw’ refers to the long fronds of the fern, which resemble the oversized feet of the kangaroo. Amazon.com: outdoor ferns. Indoor Ferns Outdoor Plants Outdoor Gardens Potted Plants Fern Houseplant Fern Plant Cannabis Ferns Care Types Of Ferns What Are Different Ferns To Grow As Houseplants? If you let them begin to decay you'll have to … Ferns are easy to maintain, rarely suffering from pests or diseases. Suitable for: Groundcover (especially for any swampy areas), borders, a backdrop for flowering plants, around pools and water gardens. All Hello, Sign in. Watering less frequently can help in controlling its growth rate. Some types of ferns will freeze during the winter. It grows happily in the shade and requires moist soil high in organic content. It has dark green leathery fronds ( by 6-7 inches) and long spreading hairy rhizomes. They are one of the most popular types of plants used for shaded areas, as they thrive in low light conditions, bringing much-needed greenery and life to dark and dull corners of both gardens and homes. Still, there are certain varieties that do better as a houseplant than when grown in the yard, and vice versa. Follow this types of ferns board!. For them, as for most herbaceous plants, raw, impoverished, uncultured types of soil are not suitable. Ferns are tougher than most gardeners realize. This plant is truly beautiful, offering up a work of art in your garden. In the center of the plant grow orange-brown upright fronds resembling plumes, which are laced with spores and reach lengths of 3 feet. Not exactly a houseplant as it is popular as an aquarium plant, there are various leaf shapes available, like ‘lance’, ‘needle’, and ‘trident’. The ferns spread by underground stems to form swaths in garden beds. Relatively low-maintenance, and has a slow growth rate. Height/Width: up to 3 feet;  approx 2 feet, Sunlight Requirement: Medum- Low sunlight. A delicate fern with attractive dark green fronds that work well for soft water aquariums, the African water fern is also easy to take care of once established. This plant is hardy through USDA zones 3 to 6, and like other osmunda ferns, prefers to be grown in moist or wet soil. It requires warm conditions, only being hardy in USDA zones 9 to 11 when kept outside. Sunlight Requirement: Shaded and Indirect Sunlight. A fondness for ferns. It can survive only in warm temperatures and will die at the slightest hint of cold. The vibrant greens of ferns sing out on woodlands floors, but it can often be difficult to distinguish one species from another – learn how to identify some of the UK's most common fern species and the best places to plant. It grows two distinct types of fronds – large, showy, sterile dark green fronds surrounding the plume-like fertile ones at the center, resembling cinnamons. The fronds have a glossy, leathery texture and can be smooth or have notches around the edge. If you do plant the cinnamon fern in a well-lit spot, you can expect that it won’t reach its full height. Wood ferns of all types grow best in rich soil with consistent moisture but can tolerate dry shade. Keystone Wildflowers. Types of Outdoor Ferns: 1. It has decorative fronds that grow in clods that look like tail feathers of an ostrich, but they are sterile. Thus making it most suitable only for growing as an indoor plant in most places. There are several varieties available suitable for most of the climatic conditions. Suitable for: This plant is easy to grow and often grown as ornamental plants. Some ferns grow in sun while others prefer shade. Requires consistently moist soil, but does not tolerate overwatering. If they get enough water, established plants can survive in full sun. This plant requiring moist conditions at all times, though its fronds cannot tolerate misting. As suggested by the name, it is one of the large tree fern types growing 2-4 m (up to 14 feet) tall. It’s a hardy plant that is drought-resistant and. Let the top portion of soil dry out between waterings. Suitable for: placing indoors in decorative pot, plastic nursery pot or a hanging planter. Ferns come in a wide range of sizes, shapes, and colors, and some of them spread, filling empty spaces of the yard with ease. for 1+3, enter 4. Suitable for: Borders, hedges, mass planting. The Cinnamon fern, for instance, turns a lovely shade of yellow in the autumn, while the Christmas fern stays green all winter — hence the name, which probably refers to its use as a Christmas decoration. They can thrive well in low light indoor conditions, bringing much-needed greenery to the dull corners of your house and garden even in winters. Fertilizer is leached out of container grown plants quicker than it is leached from garden soil. There are 3 categories of ferns, with a complete guide about each fern explained below. Grow it in well-draining soil to allow any excess water to drain out of the plant, and aim to maintain a damp soil. It is deciduous, so its leaves will drop in the fall, which could leave quite a vast gap in your outdoor area. An evergreen fern that holds its fountain-like vibrant green foliage in the winter, though they may lie somewhat flat to the ground when it’s too cold. Types of Outdoor Ferns. Suitable for: Mass planting, ground cover in shade gardens, short hedges. Most prefer rich, humus-filled soil so make sure to mix compost into planting holes and cover them annually with 2 inches of organic mulch. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. An ostrich fern in dry soil will be unable to cope with direct sun and will suffer from scorched leaves. Scientific name: Polystichum polyblepharum, Sunlight Requirement: Full shade or filtered sun, Suitable for: Evergreen hedges, borders, shade gardens, underplanting for ornamental trees like Japanese weeping maple. Nearly Natural 6032-S2 40” Boston Fern (Set of 2), Green, 2 Piece, $39.52; 20 OSTRICH GLADE FERN Rhizome/root- (Matteuccia struthiopteris), $34.39; LSKY 4 Pack Artificial Ferns Plants Artificial Shrubs Boston Fern Bush Plant Greenery Bushes Fake Ferns UV Protected for Home Kitchen Garden Wall Decor Indoor Outdoor Use, $9.99 Maidenhair Fern can be grown both outdoors and indoors with some care. Scientific name: Cyathea cooperi. This large fern produces majestic fronds that can unfurl to up to 5 feet in length, giving the plant a wild vase shape. The kangaroo paw fern is an interesting plant; it can be epiphytic, growing in crevices of rocks or on tree trunks, but it can also be grown in soil. It is hardy through USDA growing zones 3 to 8 and is considerably more drought-tolerant than most ferns. It is sensitive to fertilizer, and a feed that is too highly concentrated will kill the plant. It is hardy through USDA growing zones 5 to 9 and has an expected size of 2 feet high and 2 feet wide. Staghorn ferns are most commonly grown mounted on wood in the style of antlers, as the unusual foliage bears a resemblance to those of the staghorn. The plant enjoys high humidity, so it is well suited to life in a bathroom. It has a slow growth rate, being short yet robust when mature. Hardy fern varieties are well suited to outdoor growing, and you have more than 500 varieties to choose from. See more ideas about types of ferns, plants, vascular plant. The plant has a compact form, with rosettes of glossy dark green fronds, not growing out of control easily. This list of winter hardy fern varieties has lots of perennial fern species you can use – tall ferns, evergreen ferns, short ferns and even a few ferns … Different Types of Outdoor Ferns 1. This fern is very delicate in appearance despite its hardiness. The bird's nest fern (Asplenium nidus) is one of the most attractive plants in this group and requires little special care when given the correct environment. It prefers warmer conditions as it is native to the southern hemisphere, and is hardy through USDA growing zones 8 to 11. Types of wood fern include the following. You don’t need to live in the tropics or a subtropical area to grow certain types of fern in your outdoor garden. We may earn a commission for purchases using our links. Most varieties of Athryium ferns thrive in damp, shady borders where their delicate fronds form a lush, mounding groundcover. They are varying shades of green and rely on constantly moist soil and high humidity to survive. Button ferns like enough water, but do not grow well in soggy soil. As suggested by the name, it is one of the large tree fern types growing 2-4 m (up to 14 feet) tall. Commonly growing in swampy areas, it can survive in various soil types including lime soil, and tolerate some direct sunlight, though then it cannot attain its maximum height. Types of lady ferns include the following. Watering less frequently can help in controlling its growth rate. In terms of care, water them on ground level and avoid the leaves. Err on the side of caution and always heavily dilute the fertilizer, or if in doubt, forego fertilizer entirely. This list of winter hardy fern varieties has lots of perennial fern species you can use – tall ferns, evergreen ferns, short ferns and even a few ferns that will grow in the sun. ... Today, Boston fern is still a top pick for indoor and outdoor settings. This board is dedicated to all the different varieties in types of fern. A common name for multiple types having a similar appearance and growing conditions, including the Japanese and northern holly ferns. Height/Width: about 30 inches; around 1 foot, Sunlight Requirement: Bright indirect sunlight, Suitable for: Great potting plant for any room, or even the porch (as long as it gets enough humidity). Beautiful fern with a height of from 30 to 80 cm, with narrow, quite thick fronds of silvery-green color. Therefore, a well-draining soil should help resolve any overwatering issues. It won’t necessarily thrive in drier situations, but it also won’t die off rapidly. A classic variety with the typical appearance of fern, characterized by glossy dark green toothed fronds growing in bunches. It’s not hard to see where this fern got its common name, with its stunning copper-red foliage that develops into gold and green as the seasons pass, eventually turning to rust in fall. Keep it in the shade and ensure its soil is rich and kept consistently moist without being waterlogged. Types of Outdoor Ferns. They will be drought-tolerant once mature and can be grown in numerous lighting conditions, from full shade to indirect light. Ferns do not produce flowers and instead are prized for their fronds, which delicately unfurl to reveal unusual and attractive plants. There are thousands of types of ferns, growing in all types of environments, from desserts to rain forests. Suitable for:  Tall borders, hedges in areas where you can have some privacy. There are many ferns to choose from. The lady fern (Athyrium filix-femina) is hardy in zones 4 through 8 and is a native plant in many parts of the US. As you might expect from the name, this plant is a native of Australia. Home > Gardening > 50+ Types of Ferns (Indoor and Outdoor Species of Ferns) By definition, a fern is a vascular, flowerless plant with leafy fronds that produce spores for reproduction. Japanese Painted Ferns (A. niponicum pictum) are prized for their purple base and stem coloration, which deepens when they are planted to receive morning sun.Plant in woodland gardens and pair them with plum-colored heuchera and hellebores. In today's world threatened by Global Warming and pollution, plants are life's best friend. If the fronds are green and not wilted, you’ve found a perfect happy medium. Ferns are among the oldest types of plants in the world. Although the name suggests this plant might be quite tough, it actually is quite delicate in nature and in looks. It has characteristic dark green shiny fronds with pointy edges that resemble that of holly plants. These unique ferns are often looked upon as living art rather than as houseplants. Otherwise, you will need to increase humidity by misting the plant or sitting it on a pebble tray. A soft-textured type with lacy bright green foliage extending from red or purple stems. Outdoor Types of Ferns. The fern derives its name from the ostrich tail-like fronds, that are adorned with strong leaves that can grow up to 20 inches. Many types of ferns are easy to grow in full sun conditions, but the key is to provide them with consistently moist soil to prevent the plants from drying out. A fondness for ferns. Ferns are the staple of many shade gardens. Sunlight Requirement: Partial to full shade, USDA Hardiness Zone: 9-11 (for growing outdoor), Suitable for: Groundcover in shaded areas in your garden. 675 Hill Road Robesonia PA 19551 610-750-4186. [email protected] As suggested by the name, it is one of the large tree fern types growing 2-4 m (up to 14 feet) tall. Types Of Fern Plants Bog Plants Terrarium Plants Water Plants Garden Plants Flowering Plants Potted Plants Indoor Ferns Gardens. This plant is similar in looks to the American maidenhair fern but grows to about twice the height, standing at 30 inches tall. To grow this fern as a houseplant, position it in indirect light. It likes to be grown in moist soil but is very unforgiving of soggy soil; for this reason, it should be grown in a growing medium with a high content of bark to allow water to drain through it easily. They thrive in swamp-like conditions, growing naturally on the edge of riverbanks and in wet woodlands. Common Types of Ferns Brake Fern adapts well to average indoor conditions, earning it another common name: Table Fern or Ribbon fern. Here’s a quick guide to help you select some of the best outdoor ferns. It can take full sun when gets lots of moisture every day. Evergreen plants growing dark green glossy leathery fronds. Outdoor ferns prefer partially shaded areas of the garden, while indoor ferns like as much light as possible as long as it's not directly sunlight. It is easy to take care of as long as you plant it in well-drained fertile soil, allow any excess water to pass through the soil. While many types of hardy garden ferns are deciduous, some are evergreen. They aren’t well suited to a spot on a sunny windowsill; instead, keep them out of direct light by placing them on a table in a bright room. There are evergreen and deciduous types (which lose their leaves in winter), ferns for damp soils or for dry soils such as those found under trees. Ferns are virtually disease- and insect-free plants but may suffer an attack from time to time. This unique plant is quite beautiful and will add to the work of art in your garden or outdoors. A delicate and high-maintenance species with varying shades of green leaves. Ideal for:Aquarium planting as background, Your email address will not be published. Your email address will not do well in soggy soil grow as in. Thick fronds of this field is kept wet few hours of morning sun each day fall into the category lady... Actually benefits from a fern, characterized by glossy dark green toothed fronds growing in bunches and tolerant of at! 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