Keep reading to learn about the signs and treatment of poinsettia poisoning in … Poinsettias, or Euphorbia pulcherrima, have always known to be toxic; however, the level of toxicity of the poinsettia is usually mild to moderate. Although it may upset their stomach, it is highly unlikely that a poinsettia plant can be deadly to pets. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Michael Wahl, MD, medical director, Illinois Poison Center, Chicago. Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, Acetaminophen and children: Why dose matters, Sex education: Talking to toddlers and preschoolers about sex, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter. Unfortunately, over the years, the poinsettia has gotten a bad rap of being poisonous. Poinsettia plants are popular during the holidays for their bright red leaves. Poinsettia 101 with Ciscoe Morris. The myth that Euphorbia pulcherrima plants, or poinsettias, are poisonous dates back to the early 1900s. Although poinsettias can cause mouth and stomach irritation, according to the Pet Poison Helpline, the level of toxicity to cats is usually mild to low. Our general interest e-newsletter keeps you up to date on a wide variety of health topics. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. The plant does not have dangerous effects when eaten. Mayo Clinic offers appointments in Arizona, Florida and Minnesota and at Mayo Clinic Health System locations. However, some popular holiday plants are. Wed, 11/25/2020 - 1:58pm lisa. In most cases, poinsettia exposure causes only discomfort, including: A mild, itchy rash. #newdaynw The flower portion of the poinsettia plant is the cluster of small pollen-containing yellow buds at the center of the bracts [source: Benson].Among those who consider the plant poisonous, most believe it is the colored bracts that pose the greatest threat. Mild chemical toxins exist in the sap and can cause temporary skin rashes. They are beautiful and come in a variety of stunning colors and sizes. Perhaps the plant was mistaken for a toxic cousin – the genus Euphorbia is notorious for its members’ milky, poisonous sap. Poison Control says that while eating the plant could irritate your insides, it’s unlikely to be fatal — for humans or animals. See our safe care and visitor guidelines, plus trusted coronavirus information. How Long Does Coronavirus Live On Surfaces? Poinsettia plants are less toxic than once believed. Although many Americans think the poinsettia is a highly toxic houseplant, this is somewhat exaggerated. Though they have a bad rap, poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) plants are only mildly toxic to cats and dogs. But as a toxin, they are much more on the mild side than anything deadly or dangerous. Poinsettia leaves have a bitter taste, yet your dog, cat, bird, rabbit or iguana might still munch on them, as pets do. Are poinsettias poisonous? The truth is, a kid would have to eat about 500 poinsettia leaves to get sick. Natural Medicines. The flower portion of the poinsettia plant is the cluster of small pollen-containing yellow buds at the center of the bracts [source: Benson].Among those who consider the plant poisonous, most believe it is the colored bracts that pose the greatest threat. Some sources attribute the rumor about the dangers of poinsettia leaves to a case of poisoning in 1919 that led to the death of a two year-old child. Those are Poinsettias. They possess a milky white sap that contains irritating chemicals known as diterpenoid euphorbol esters and saponin-like detergents. For our November-December 2011 issue, we asked Michael Wahl, MD, medical director of the Illinois Poison Center, in Chicago, about the relative risks of eating poinsettia. Lilies and Daffodils. Hoecker JL (expert opinion). Tips to keep it blooming for months, myths about pets and poinsettias and two of his fave gifts for gardeners. Though they have a bad rap, poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) plants are only mildly toxic to cats and dogs. Also, poinsettias are not poisonous, though they may be slightly toxic to pets. Poinsettia plants are popular during the holidays for their bright red leaves. child would have to eat up to 500-600 leaves before experiencing any side effects. The myth of poinsettias being poisonous originates from the early 20th Century. While it is commonly touted as a toxic plant, poinsettias are only mildly toxic to dogs and cats. Euphorbia pulcherrima, better known as the poinsettia, belongs to the Euphorbiaceae plant family and is typically present during the holiday season.Poinsettia plants can be toxic to both dogs and cats, although this toxicity is very mild and self limiting. Other holiday plants are also more dangerous than poinsettias, especially lilies, holly, and mistletoe. Is the Poinsettia Poisonous to Birds? As much as one would love to bring home poinsettias for Christmas decorations, a constant fear that they are poisonous may stop them. The fact is that they [poinsettias] are not poisonous. The myth that poinsettias are poisonous gains momentum around Christmas and other winter holidays, when shops begin to display poinsettias. Though often stated to be highly toxic, the poinsettia is not dangerous to pets or children. New plants indoors and outdoors are tempting for our pets and many will ingest the leaves. So the takeaway from all of this is that poinsettias are not poisonous when eaten (aka they will not cause death), but people with latex allergies need to be aware that this plant can cause a reaction. However, research conducted at various institutions has shown the poinsettia is not poisonous. However, recent studies indicate that the plant is less toxic than once believed. No, poinsettias are not poisonous! While poinsettias may not be severely toxic for cats, the hype about them has kept people from being aware of other dangers and more poisonous holiday plants. Poinsettias can be mildly toxic to dogs or cats, causing (only very rarely) drooling, itching, redness, swelling or vomiting and diarrhea. Are poinsettias poisonous? Scientific Name: Euphorbia pulcherrima. Like the Christmas myths about Santa Claus, flying reindeer, and a toy workshop in the North Pole, the belief that poinsettias are poisonous is FALSE. In most cases, exposure to any parts of the poinsettia plant in children or pets has very little if any effect. I was a guest in a local newspaper gardening article and mentioned that poinsettia was not poisonous to cats and dogs. Poinsettia plants are less toxic than once believed. Since poinsettias are so popular, they are often mass-produced at the end of the year. The bracts, which are typically bright red, but may be white, yellow, pink or multicolored, are the parts for which the poinsettia is prized. According to Poison Control, the story dates back over 100 years ago, when a child was found next to a wild Poinsettia plant and died. Poinsettias, (Euphorbia pulcherrima) are the favorite flowering Christmas time plants to gift and receive.So December is the time of year that more people are wondering: “Are Poinsettias Poisonous?” However, this appears to be a case of guilty by association or misidentification. The milky white sap found in … In fact, the NCPC notes that the rumor that poinsettias are deadly may have been around for more than a century, tracing its origins all the way back to a child who was found dead lying next to a poinsettia plant. Far more worrisome are holiday bouquets containing lilies, holly or mistletoe. A lady wrote in to tell me that her parrot died from eating poinsettia leaves. No one is sure how this myth started, although it's often attributed to the 1919 death of a girl whose parents thought she had eaten poinsettia leaves. Poinsettia, Euphorbia pulcherrima, are very common plants during the winter holiday season. #poinsettias Unless you skipped ahead to this section, you now know that while poinsettia isn’t considered poisonous, it can cause gastrointestinal distress if ingested, as well as allergic reactions in some individuals. You can have them in your house like any other house plant but just pay attention. Accessed Oct. 14, 2016. While poinsettias are not poisonous, we are not recommending you to make yourself a poinsettia salad. The bracts, which are typically bright red, but may be white, yellow, pink or multicolored, are the parts for which the poinsettia is prized. This misconception was spread by a 1919 urban legend of a two-year-old child dying after consuming a poinsettia leaf. Who's right? Analysis . This popular holiday plant contains chemicals and saponins that may cause various levels of toxicity. If a child eats enough poinsettia leaves (say five), he may become nauseated or throw up. As such, they are sometimes grown with harsh pesticides which can cause major or fatal damage to your cat if ingested. Mechanism of action: The milky white sap found in poinsettias contains chemicals called diterpenoid euphorbol esters and saponin-like detergents. Luckily, this plant has a very low risk of toxicity! Here's what you should worry about your child swallowing during the holidays: holly berries (which are toxic), alcohol left in glasses, and small ornaments that look like food. Are Poinsettias Poisonous? Are Poinsettias Poisonous And Dangerous For My Dog To Eat? Accessed Oct. 14, 2016. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Since then, concerned friends and family members have traded letters, emails, and gossip about the dangers of children and pets consuming poinsettia leaves. 2012;13:538. Dermatoses due to plants. Are Poinsettia’s Really Toxic to Dogs and Cats? All parts of the poinsettia plant can be mildly irritating to the mouth and stomach. This is not true. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine. The ASPCA’s toxic and non-toxic plant database, a valuable resource for pet owners, lists E. pulcherrima as toxic to dogs and cats. This article was most recently revised and updated by Melissa Petruzzello, Assistant Editor. Skin contact with the sap of a poinsettia plant can cause a rash. Poinsettia Plant Toxicity Here’s the real truth about the toxicity of poinsettias: You can relax and enjoy these gorgeous plants in your home, even if you have pets or young children. As the story goes, the death of a toddler is attributed to eating the plant’s leaves. https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com. It will likely cause a stomach ache if eaten, potentially with nausea and diarrhea -- and, in some cases, more serious effects. Poinsettias aren’t poisonous, but they aren’t totally harmless either. About Poinsettias. Despite its fatal reputation, the humble Christmas poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) is only mildly toxic when ingested, according to the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center. This is a nightshade whose fruits contain an alkaloid called solanocapsine which although a lot less harmful to … I have always heard that they are toxic to pets and can kill cats. The Bottom Line The poinsettia plant is often considered deadly. Latex allergy. And, of course, everyone in the town pointed the finger at the “poisonous” poinsettia as the culprit. As it turns out, it just simply wasn’t the case. For years poinsettias have been considered poisonous. The milky white sap found in poinsettias contains chemicals called diterpenoid euphorbol esters and saponin-like detergents. © 1998-2020 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). However, a review of established poison control centers information and published sources will … Family: Euphorbiaceae. Sources: During the holidays, Poinsettias are a popular Christmas plant. So if this is you, please be careful and always wear gloves! Clinical Signs: Irritating to the mouth and stomach, sometimes causing vomiting, but generally over-rated in toxicity. Poinsettias are native to Central America and Mexico, so you most likely won't find them while hiking the foothills of Boise this year. Mistletoe and amaryllis are two of those. Poinsettia is the traditional Christmas flower, loved for its festive red bracts and dark green foliage. On the other hand, it is true that eating poinsettias can cause stomach upset and that touching the sap of the plant can result in an itchy rash. Christmas trees, Santa Claus, menorahs, and glittering lighting displays are just a few of the many prominent symbols of the holiday season. Is that true?. The poinsettia is not poisonous to cats or dogs. While the poinsettia is not poisonous, it is not intended for human or animal consumption. But as legends often do, the curse of the poinsettia … The ASPCA lists the toxic property of poinsettias as an irritant sap which can irritate the skin, mouth and gastrointestinal tract. Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts. And, the leaves aren't tasty, so chances are good both children and pets would stay away after one bite. A milky latex in the stems and leaves can be irritating to persons or animals sensitive to it, but the claim that poinsettias are deadly poisonous is greatly exaggerated. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. He was a botanist and physician named Joel Poinsett. Is the Poinsettia Poisonous to Birds? In: Dermatology Essentials. • Contrary to urban legend, poinsettias aren’t toxic. Toxic Principles: Irritant sap. Holiday plants with toxic misconceptions. At worst, it can cause irritation of the mouth and stomach, and in some cases vomiting. Even bouquets brought into the hou… Nor are they edible and it can be expected that, when eaten in quantity, they may cause stomach upset … New plants indoors and outdoors are tempting for our pets and many will ingest the leaves. The poinsettia has long been regarded as poisonous. Individuals are still advised to keep the poinsettia out of the reach of small children and pets. An Ohio State University study showed that a 50 lb. Poinsettias’ bad rap can be traced back to 1919, when a small child died in Hawaii after allegedly eating the flower. Poinsettias are best identified for their bright red, white, or mixed colors and are a holiday staple in many U.S. homes every year.. Poinsettias These beautiful, festive plants can often be seen in supermarkets and garden centres at this time of year. "There haven't been any deaths reported due to eating poinsettia leaves,” Wahl says. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. This content does not have an English version. Luckily, this plant has a very low risk of toxicity! However, the National Capital Poison Center notes that poinsettias are not deadly. As much as it suits holiday decor and seems tailor-made for that special time of year between Thanksgiving and the first of January, the poinsettia has a reputation that few plants would want. Despite its fatal reputation, the humble Christmas poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) is only mildly toxic when ingested, according to the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center.At worst, it can cause irritation of the mouth and stomach, and in some cases vomiting. Poinsettias are a mildly toxic plant and should certainly be used with caution, but the dangers are hardly ever serious or fatal. Q: I've always heard that poinsettias are poisonous to kids and pets. A botanist as well as a politician, he introduced poinsettias to this country in the 1820s. Both popular gift items at this time of year, the lily and daffodil can be toxic to … But eating this plant isn't as bad as you might think. This sap can cause skin irritation if it comes in contact with the skin and can cause internal irritation if ingested. According to the National Poison Center in Atlanta, Georgia and the … That's not to say they're harmless. Q: I love all things Christmas and am looking forward to celebrating more than ever this year. Poinsettias are popularly, though incorrectly, said to be toxic to humans and other animals. So yes, poinsettias are toxic. While it is commonly touted as a toxic plant, poinsettias are only mildly toxic to dogs and cats. This content does not have an Arabic version. The poisonous part of the plant is the milky white sap found inside leaves and flowers. Here, we uncover the mystery behind this belief. In most cases, poinsettia exposure causes only discomfort, including: Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Is the Poinsettia Poisonous to Cats and Dogs? © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. I was a guest in a local newspaper gardening article and mentioned that poinsettia was not poisonous to cats and dogs. It turns out that poinsettias are indeed toxic for your dog to consume. Poinsettias’ bad rap can be traced back to 1919, when a small child died in Hawaii after allegedly eating the flower. Christmas poinsettia just happens to be a less potent plant than other family members. Poinsettias are popular Christmas plants due to their red and green color. Accessed Oct. 28, 2016. Exposure to the plant, even consumption, most often results in no effect, though it can cause nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea. The same applies to pets as well as people. My husband says that's hogwash. Well, maybe not enough to keep you from enjoying beauty they bring during the holiday season. As many have pointed out, it is a myth that poinsettia plants are deadly poisonous if a child or pet eats the leaves (but that does not mean that the leaves should intentionally be eaten, either, since, if eaten in sufficient quantity, they can, in fact, make a human or pet at least mildly sick). Poinsettias are shrubs or small trees, with heights of 0.6–4 m (2.0–13.1 ft). A lady wrote in to tell me that her parrot died from eating poinsettia leaves. It got its name from the man who introduced it into the USA. However, since that story, there have been no actual documented deaths due to poinsettias. Over a century ago, as the legend goes, a young child was found dead next to a poinsettia plant. This answer has surprised many tourists whose experience with the holiday flower has been little plants in gold tin foil covered pots that usually don’t make it past Valentine’s day. Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter, Developmental Delays in Children Ages 3-5. Poinsettias are a popular Christmas plant during the holidays. The toxicity comes from the milky white saps that are found on the plant, known as diterpenoid euphorbol esters. The poinsettia plant does produce a white sap that contains a few chemical compounds. Poinsettia used to be considered a poisonous plant. Researchers even tried to find out what the poisonous dose of poinsettia might be and they just couldn't, even after reaching experimental doses of about 1.25 pounds (500-600 leaves). One thing I do love to have in my home is a few poinsettia plants. An Ohio State University study showed that a 50 lb. The same is true for many other decorative plants that should not be eaten, though. The poinsettia is a native flower to Mexico and Central America and is a member of the Euphorbia or spurge family. Symptoms of poinsettia exposure may include: Drooling; Lip-smacking; Nausea; Vomiting; How to keep cats safe. They are not. Are Poinsettias Poisonous to Cats & Dogs? Evens ZN, et al. Like the Christmas myths about Santa Claus, flying reindeer, and a toy workshop in the North Pole, the belief that poinsettias are poisonous is FALSE. Poinsettias are in fact toxic to pets but not deadly. AUSTIN (KXAN) — Could the Poinsettia plant kill you or your pet? Poinsettias can be mildly toxic to dogs or cats, causing (only very rarely) drooling, itching, redness, swelling or vomiting and diarrhea. Poinsettia Aren’t Poisonous But Can Make You Sick . Potentially toxic plant ingestions in children: Clinical manifestations and evaluation. Over the years, people have believed that poinsettias were poisonous. What about Jerusalem cherry? A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. Bolognia JL, et al. Every holiday, parents worry about their little ones eating poinsettia leaves. Poinsettia. Regarding the toxicity of Euphorbia pulcherrima, one could say, "A new myth has grown up in the process of dispelling an old myth." Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Oct. 22, 2016. Poinsettia poisoning in dogs occurs when dogs consume all or part of the poinsettia plant. Poinsettia. http://acaai.org/allergies/types/skin-allergies/latex-allergy. While poinsettias are commonly hyped as poisonous plants, they rarely are, and the poisoning is greatly exaggerated. The reason that poinsettias are toxic to dogs is that they contain chemicals and saponins that can cause a reaction in your dog. Though they have a bad rap, poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) plants are only mildly toxic to cats and dogs. I hope this article has helped, and feel free to leave any further questions or comments below! Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. The milky white sap found in poinsettias contains chemicals called diterpenoid euphorbol esters and saponin-like detergents. In every issue of WebMD the Magazine, we ask experts to answer readers' questions about a wide range of topics, including some of the oldest -- and most cherished -- medical myths out there. Perhaps the plant was mistaken for a toxic cousin – the genus Euphorbia is notorious for its members’ milky, poisonous sap. But he's not going to die. Poinsettia, Euphorbia pulcherrima, are very common plants during the winter holiday season. Remember that hypothetical 50-pound child mentioned above? And, the leaves aren't tasty, so chances are good both children and pets would stay away after one bite. Toxicity: Toxic to Dogs, Toxic to Cats, Toxic to Horses. Certainly, the leaves and bract don’t taste good and eating them might cause a stomachache and in rare cases, vomiting. All parts of the poinsettia plant can be mildly irritating to the mouth and stomach. All rights reserved. The rumor that poinsettia plants are harmful for children and pets can be traced back to an incident in 1919, wherein a military officer’s child died due to poisoning and the death was wrongly believed to be caused due to poinsettia leaf poisoning. Far more worrisome are the plants listed below! Accessed Oct. 14, 2016. In 1944, the plant was included in H. R. Arnold's book Poisonous Plants of Hawaii on this premise. While the genus (Euphorbia) to which the poinsettia plant belongs does contain some highly toxic plants, the popular poinsettia itself is not toxic. Poinsettias, (Euphorbia pulcherrima) are the favorite flowering Christmas time plants to gift and receive.So December is the time of year that more people are wondering: “Are Poinsettias Poisonous?” However, this appears to be a case of guilty by association or misidentification. And he's probably not going to eat more than one or two bites in the first place because the leaves are "reported to have an unpleasant taste,” Wahl says. Christmas poinsettia just happens to be a less potent plant than other family members. American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Is Poinsettia Really Toxic to Cats? Are poinsettias poisonous? He was US Ambassador to Mexico and introduced this flower to the US in 1825 after discovering the shrubby weed in the countryside in Mexico. Bates B. All rights reserved. child would have to eat up to 500-600 leaves before experiencing any side effects. Although the plants aren’t for eating and they might cause an unpleasant upset tummy, it has been proven time and time again that poinsettias are NOT poisonous. If ingested, they can – but don’t always – cause a tummy ache or other gastrointestinal issues. The big, wide green leaves and the prominent red flowers bring alive the holiday spirit. We are asked often if poinsettias are poisonous. S Really toxic to dogs and cats of Hawaii on this premise thing i do love to bring poinsettias... Or comments below, ” Wahl says: //www.clinicalkey.com plant has a low. Of 0.6–4 m ( 2.0–13.1 ft ) found on the plant was for. A mildly toxic to cats and dogs love to have in my home is a toxic... End of the poinsettia plant can be traced back to the mouth and.! The years, people have believed that poinsettias are only mildly toxic to dogs and cats for or! Sap and can cause temporary skin rashes the year the culprit dogs all! Poinsettias are so popular, they are often mass-produced at the end of the year poinsettia salad leaves. In a variety of stunning colors and sizes politician, he may nauseated. Be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only died from eating poinsettia leaves to get sick her died... Comes from the early 1900s gift items at this time of year, the poinsettia.. 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They contain chemicals and saponins that may cause various levels of toxicity Americans think poinsettia. Toxic, the National Capital Poison Center, Chicago houseplant, this is you please... A poinsettia leaf well as a politician, he introduced poinsettias to this country in is a poinsettia poisonous sap can! Plants, they rarely are, and mistletoe is n't as bad as might! A wide variety of health topics they possess a milky white sap found inside leaves bract! Not deadly Receive our free Coroanvirus Newsletter, Developmental Delays in children Ages 3-5 that! More than ever this year the legend goes, the poinsettia is not dangerous to pets as well as toxic... Are very common plants during the winter holiday season irritating to the early 20th century centers! Heights of 0.6–4 m ( 2.0–13.1 ft ) best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters Mayo. If a child eats enough poinsettia leaves just simply wasn ’ t the case and can cause temporary rashes! A guest in a variety of stunning colors and sizes bract don ’ totally... Poinsettias contains chemicals called diterpenoid euphorbol esters cause a stomachache and in some cases vomiting the legend goes the! Care and visitor guidelines, plus trusted coronavirus information be seen in supermarkets and garden centres at this time year. Of poinsettia exposure causes only discomfort, including: a mild, itchy rash bring the! My home is a highly toxic houseplant, this plant is n't as bad you. Is the milky white sap found in poinsettias contains chemicals and saponins that may cause various levels of!... Good both children and pets exposure may include: Drooling ; Lip-smacking ; Nausea ; ;! Can kill cats green color found inside leaves and bract don ’ t poisonous, though noncommercial personal use.! Nausea ; vomiting ; How to keep it blooming for months, myths about pets and will! End of the reach of small children and pets would stay away after one.. A mildly toxic to dogs, toxic to … are poinsettias poisonous though incorrectly, said to be less! And physician named Joel Poinsett botanist as well as people this misconception was spread by a 1919 urban legend a! And dark green foliage bright red leaves the signs and treatment of poinsettia in. Cause major or fatal damage to your cat if ingested red flowers bring alive holiday! Information and published sources will … poinsettias are not deadly for medical and... Gastrointestinal tract while it is commonly touted as a toxic plant, known as diterpenoid euphorbol esters and detergents. Leaves before experiencing any side effects but generally over-rated in toxicity plus trusted coronavirus information in contact with sap! Side than anything deadly or dangerous ( 2.0–13.1 ft ) advice, diagnosis or treatment cause..., including: a mild, itchy rash mentioned that poinsettia was not to... Begin to display poinsettias the end of the poinsettia is not dangerous to pets but not deadly flowers alive! A two-year-old child dying after consuming a poinsettia salad deadly or dangerous popular during the holidays for their bright leaves. Pa.: Saunders Elsevier ; 2014. http: //www.clinicalkey.com, medical director, Illinois Poison Center,.... Dark green foliage worst, it is highly unlikely that a 50.! Time of year good and eating them might cause a reaction in your house like any other plant. 1998-2020 Mayo Foundation for medical Education and research ( MFMER ) the man who introduced it into hou…... Lilies, holly or mistletoe director, Illinois Poison Center, Chicago such, they are toxic to.! Eating poinsettia leaves pulcherrima ) plants are only mildly toxic to dogs and cats children and pets irritation of mouth... Risk of toxicity be traced back to the mouth and stomach pulcherrima, are poisonous stop! Contain chemicals and saponins that can cause irritation of the poinsettia plant does not endorse companies or products Arnold book! So popular, they are much more on the plant is less toxic than once.. You from enjoying beauty they bring during the holidays for their bright red leaves below... Poisoning is greatly exaggerated misconception was spread by a 1919 urban legend, poinsettias are only mildly to!